22:12 / 17.10.2019
Uzbekistan ranks 49th in 2019 Global Hunger Index
Photo: Getty Images

The GHI index is published annually by the non-governmental organizations Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. Estimates are calculated using a three-step process that relies on available data from various sources.

For each country, values are determined by four indicators:

Malnutrition: proportion of the population that is undernourished (that is, when the calorie intake is insufficient).

Child malnutrition: proportion of children under five years old who have been underfed (that is, low in weight for their height, indicating acute malnutrition).

Growth retardation in children: proportion of children under the age of five who are stunted (that is, they are short for their age, which indicates chronic malnutrition).

Child mortality: mortality rate of children under five years of age (partially indicates a mixture of factors such as inadequate nutrition and an unhealthy environment).

Then, in the study, each of the four component indicators is assigned a standardized score on a 100-point scale, based on the highest indicator level observed globally in recent decades.

If a country scores from 0 to 10 points, then here is “low hunger”, from 10 to 19.9 points – “moderate hunger”, from 20 to 34.9 points – “high hunger”, from 35 to 49, 9 points – “hunger level is critical” and from 50 points and above – “catastrophic”.

Among the neighboring countries, Kazakhstan took the 20th place, Kyrgyzstan – 35th and Turkmenistan – 54th.

The worst performance is recorded in some African countries, Pakistan, India and neighboring Afghanistan.

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