15:36 / 08.03.2019
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Uzbekistan to approve National Program on ensuring food security
Photo: 123RF

On the portal of discussions of draft normative-legal acts, a draft resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On approval of the national program on ensuring food security in the country for 2019-2024" has been placed.
 
The followings are the main directions of food security:
 
improving the regulatory framework for food safety;
 
rational use of agricultural lands and water resources;
 
sustainable development of domestic production of basic types of agricultural and food products, raw materials;

sustainable development of livestock breeding, poultry farming and fishery sector, increasing production volumes, strengthening the food base;
 
improvement of agricultural and food production infrastructure;
 
ensuring foodstuff security;
 
increasing the economic potential of food supply to all segments of the population;
 
state regulation and control of food security.
 
In 2019-2024, the country will adopt a national food security program.

Internal factors of maintaining the food security are:
 
opportunities for effective use of land plots and water resources used in agriculture for food production;
 
the level of introduction of innovative technologies in the production, storage and sale of foodstuffs, including ecologically healthy products;
 
the level of competitiveness of food products produced in the domestic and foreign markets;
 
the state of the national food industry's development;
 
the proportion of imports and exports of foodstuffs;

the level of supply of large groups of population with foodstuff locally;
 
the rate of increase in prices for consumer goods in line with incomes of the population;
 
stability of domestic seed and seedlings supply, guaranteed quality demanded in domestic and foreign markets;
 
systemic organization of selection and breeding work to improve livestock breeding, increasing productivity of local production;
 
availability of coordination of supply and demand on the basis of systematic study of the demand of the domestic market;

the stability of supply of material-technical resources required for the production of agricultural food products and proportion of product prices and increase in material-technical resources and services provided for production;
 
the level of development of infrastructure in the regions, especially in rural areas, availability of mechanisms to encourage them;
 
productivity of natural pastures and the system of their effective use;
 
a lack of rotating capital for the development of production and high bank loans;

compliance with contractual relationships between market suppliers and suppliers of raw materials.
 
External factors of food security are:
 
an increase in food prices worldwide and a growing demand by developing countries;
 
climate change;
 
increased use of biofuels;
 
geopolitical factors.

Foodstuff security mechanisms will be provided on the basis of targeted criteria through the following measures:
 
identifying and evaluating food safety at all levels of the country and introducing a system of anticipated risk;
 
introducing a system of normative and legal documents harmonized with international standards for food security;
 
sustainable development of the agro-industrial complex that ensures compliance with targets set at all levels of the country, and introduction of food security regulation and management systems.

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