TECH | 13:29 / 27.06.2024
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Global language of numbers: Understanding country calling codes

Country calling codes, also known as international dialing codes, are numerical prefixes used to dial phone numbers in different countries. These codes are an essential part of the international telephone numbering plan developed by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialized agency of the United Nations. The concept of country calling codes was introduced to standardize and simplify international communication, allowing people to connect across borders seamlessly.

Historical Context

The ITU established the international telephone numbering plan in the mid-20th century. Before this, international calls were complex and often required operator assistance. The numbering plan introduced a structured approach to dialing, where each country was assigned a unique code. This system facilitated direct dialing and significantly reduced the complexity and cost of international communications.

Geographical and Regional Factors

The allocation of country calling codes considers several factors, including geographical regions, population density, and telecommunications infrastructure. The world is divided into nine zones, each with a distinct prefix. For example:

Zone 1 covers North America, including the United States and Canada

Zone 2 is designated for Africa and some Atlantic islands

Zone 3 and Zone 4 are for Europe

Zone 5 includes South America

Zone 6 is for Oceania and Southeast Asia

Zone 7 is assigned to Russia and its neighboring countries

Zone 8 covers East Asia and special services

Zone 9 includes South and West Asia

These zones help organize the numbering system and ensure efficient routing of international calls.

Uzbekistan: A Closer Look at Country Code +998

Uzbekistan is assigned the country calling code +998. This code is part of Zone 9, which covers South and West Asia. Let’s delve deeper into the specifics of Uzbekistan’s telecommunication landscape.

Historical Background of Uzbekistan's Calling Code

In the past, Uzbekistan was part of the Soviet Union, which used the +7 code. After gaining independence, Uzbekistan was allocated the +998 code to establish its distinct telecommunication identity.

Dialing in Uzbekistan

To make an international call to Uzbekistan, one needs to follow these steps:

1.     Dial the international access code (usually 00 or +).

2.     Enter Uzbekistan’s country code, +998.

3.     Dial the local phone number, which typically consists of 9 digits.

For example, if you are calling a number in Tashkent, the capital city, it would look like this: +998 71 xxx xxxx, where 71 is the area code for Tashkent.

Telecommunication Infrastructure

Uzbekistan has been investing heavily in its telecommunications infrastructure since gaining independence. The country has made significant progress in expanding its mobile network coverage and internet connectivity. Several major telecom operators, including Ucell, Beeline, and UzMobile, provide a range of services from mobile and fixed-line telephony to high-speed internet.

The Role of Country Calling Codes in Uzbekistan's Growth

The allocation of the +998 country calling code has played a crucial role in Uzbekistan’s integration into the global telecommunication network. It has facilitated international business, tourism, and cultural exchanges, contributing to the country’s economic growth and development. The distinct code helps in identifying calls originating from Uzbekistan, thus aiding in the efficient management of international communications.

Doniyor Tukhsinov

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